Theatre Bay Area Chatterbox

Monday, July 6, 2009

Advocacy or Cheerleading...Or Both?

The July/August issue of American Theatre hit my mailbox today, and I found an intriguing juxtaposition in its Letters section. I skimmed the page and saw Tony Taccone’s name as one of the letter-writers, and I knew right away he was going to take exception to the feature Karen D’Souza wrote about You, Nero, where she basically rehashed negative criticism of the South Coast Rep performance in a feature that in theory was supposed to be about the second production at Berkeley Rep. (For some reason, the May/June issue hasn't been archived online yet, otherwise I would provide a link.) Now, when I read Karen’s article, I thought to myself, Why would she be rehashing all this negativity—and some of it was fairly below the belt—in an article about new work for a magazine like American Theatre? Tony pointed out the same thing in his letter—that “instead of a thoughtful examination of this topic, the story read like a harsh review of the first production”—and he also went on to support his colleagues at South Coast Rep.

Another letter in the issue referenced a previous letter that took the magazine to task for the “negative tenor” of David Freedlander’s article about Danny Hoch and that said that the magazine should not publish articles that generate negativity. This letter-writer, J.T. Rogers, said, “Wrapped in [this] complaint is an idea I’ve heard put forward by many people in many theatres around this country: that this magazine’s role is to serve as a cheerleader for the work we do. Full stop…. My response to this is: Really?

Naturally, this topic really interests me. While I personally think that Karen D’Souza went way too far in her article—and question American Theatre’s decision to print it as is—I do understand the fine line of cheerleading and relevancy. While theatre does needs advocates, when does advocacy stray into cheerleading and start doing more harm than good? To give a simplistic example: Say a theatre critic always reviews every show she sees favorably. While the theatre community may be thrilled, in the longer term readers may start distrusting the critic because they spent money on shows they thought were awful. So they stop going to the theatre. So, what was the point in cheerleading? (I guess so companies could have good clippings for the funders?) Now, in this example, I’m assuming the critic is praising shows that are undoubtedly awful, not shows that elicit a more subjective response. Like I said, it’s simplistic. It also isn’t entirely relevant to American Theatre or Theatre Bay Area, because we don’t print straight reviews.

This is the gray area. In these two magazines, which advocate for theatre, is even a hint of negativity completely out of place, or does it provide, in J.T.’s words, “a serious response to a serious piece of theatre rather than a hagiographic profile”? Even though most of us can admit that sometimes our work is not up to par for any number of legitimate reasons or that our risks sometimes fail, do we still think that the job of the industry magazines is to completely disregard these facts and cheerlead instead? Or should the industry magazines paint a more multidimensional picture of the production, the person, etc.? I suppose it’s a case-by-case basis, but it seems to me that Karen’s article could have been much more nuanced without losing sight of the complexities of working on a new play that just isn’t, well, working—as well as some of the solutions.

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At July 7, 2009 at 11:15 AM , Blogger Chloe Veltman said...

I think it's possible to write for American Theatre without being a cheerleader. I often do it. At the end of the day though, a feature story for any publication -- whether it's an "industry" publication or a general interest newspaper or magazine -- is not a review. I think focusing too strongly on the words of other critics (or more directly offering one's own opinion) in what's supposed to be a balanced piece about the evolution of a play is not necessarily the fairest or most journalistically interesting way to go.

At July 7, 2009 at 11:50 AM , Blogger Carl Benson said...

Agreeing with Chloe here.

Adding: why even discuss a play you think is bad? Why not pick something you find amazing, and write about that? Simplistic I know, but in response to Karen's hypothetical, if the industry mags were to keep writing about things they absolutely loved for good reason, then people who read the article and went to the show would probably not be disappointed. Just a thought.

At July 7, 2009 at 1:03 PM , Blogger Karen McKevitt said...

Hi Carl,
Good point. I should offer a more complex example: Several years ago Theatre Bay Area ran a major feature on a Bay Area theatre organization that does good work mission-wise and serves a great need in the community, but sometimes the product isn't so great, which is admittedly secondary. Now, I chose to allude to that in the article and got no backlash for it (thank goodness). I chose to allude to it because most everyone in the community had the same opinion that the product wasn't so great, and I asked the artistic director about it and the AD replied in print that the organization was working on that problem. If I didn't allude to it, I would have run the risk of sounding naive with my very well-educated and -informed readers. But, at the time I was slightly concerned with bringing up something that was negative, even if not as overt as very negative reviews of a show.

The other thing we at the magazine have to take into consideration is that to the best of our ability, throughout the year we try to cover a wide scope of companies, shows and people. And this means we do cover things that we don't absolutely love, because we're human--we don't personally love everything. And what we don't love, someone else may love. If we only covered things we loved, many companies, shows, people would be left out. Now, it seems one has to parse the word "love." "Love" is to an extent subjective. I may respect/see the value in/admire/know the newsworthiness of a show that I may not personally love. Does this mean I don't cover it? I think our readers would say, No, you cover it!

At July 7, 2009 at 2:13 PM , Blogger Clay Lord said...

Oops, logged in as the wrong account. This is the same comment as was listed above, hopefully now deleted.

So, Karen, here's my question then (and you knew this was coming, as we've chatted about this many times) -- where's the line between advocating for and offering commentary on the community and its products? This, of course, gets more complicated when you overlay the fact that we at Theatre Bay Area also deal with patrons. Up until now, "dealing with patrons" has essentially meant pushing out positive content (often company-generated) on TIX and via our weekly e-newsletter. But as we're discovering in talking to patrons (and simply watching the web), patrons are no longer simply seeking the hype -- they want a discussion, commentary, some direction on whether they're going to enjoy what they're seeing.

When asked, patrons to TIX ask for more information almost universally as their number one criticism of the site -- and when you delve into it, they're asking more and more for things like links to reviews, capsule blurbs, etc.

And ultimately, I think, we may be doing a disservice to companies and patrons alike by not engaging in some level of discussion about the work -- whether that discussion is full-on reviews, user-generated ratings, capsule blurbs, or simply links to off-site commentary.

At July 7, 2009 at 3:32 PM , Blogger Chloe Veltman said...

I'd like to add something to what I wrote earlier. In Karen's defense: her piece was for the Critics Notebook section of the magazine, which isn't necessarily supposed to be a section for straight reporting. Although the articles written for this section are often feature-like in style, the magazine wants critical insight into the work/artists in question, so I think there is a bit of leeway for editorializing. That being said, there's still something odd going on in the case of the You Nero article: Karen didn't so much give her critical opinion of the SoCal production as give many other critics' (negative) opinions of the work. Which is maybe the root of the issue here. Criticism is disguised as reporting in the article, which may come across as being disingenuous.

At July 7, 2009 at 4:22 PM , Blogger rebecca longworth said...

Whether or not Karen D'Souza's article should have been published where it was, or should have been more nuanced in other ways, I found it refreshing for this reason: her tone seemed to regard artistic flaws as opportunities for improvement, rather than failures to be either defended, disowned or ignored.

I think that I felt "refreshed" because Ms. D'Souza's article seemed to be alone in its willingness to have a look at something that failed without running away or holding its nose, ready to give the show a second chance in a new incarnation.

Her article made me more interested in seeing You, Nero because I had gained some insight into its development; and this insight seemed entirely appropriate to find in an industry publication. I think the acknowledgment that every artistic career has highs and lows, and creating work involves some degree of hit, miss and struggle, helps make for more honest criticism and a more vibrant artistic dialogue -- the multidimensional approach Karen McKevitt mentioned. Whether this helps get butts in seats or increase public interest in arts criticism, I can't say -- but it works for me.

At July 8, 2009 at 11:31 AM , Blogger Chloe Veltman said...

I just posted a recap of my thoughts on this topic so far plus further thoughts at and about this topic. You can find my latest blog post here:
or here:

At July 8, 2009 at 4:17 PM , Blogger Paul said...

It seems there are quite a few really interesting issues embedded in this discussion as a response to Karen D'Souza's article:

What is the role of the arts journalist in the promotion of the art form?
What is the critics role in the promotion of the art form?
How (or should) the critic/journalist balance his/her interest in preserving and improving the art form with the essential need to cast a critical eye upon it (and I use critical in it's broadest sense)?

And finally, as terrifically pointed out by Chloe in her blog:
How can we be clear about from which vantage point we are actually writing so that it is less likely that people will jump to unsupported assumptions and conclusions about motivation/strategy?

I actually think this last question is really fascinating. While the other questions at hand have been debated by great minds in the field and in the academia for years and deserve worthy consideration (especially if an art form is to be taken seriously in it's attempt to reflect the complexity of the world around it and if artists are to have any measure of feedback on the quality of their craftsmanship) I think the point that Chloe brings up about our quickness to jump to conclusions about the intention of a creative act (as journalism is as well as theatre making) with very little data has big implications. Implications for audiences, "art-makers", journalists and critics alike.

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Fildena 100 for the treatment of male impotence or erectile dysfunction. ED is a very common problem all over the world. Do you know how many American men are experiencing ED? More than 30 million men have erectile dysfunction in the United States, though not 10 million, not 20 million.

Fildena 120mg tablets manufactured by Fortune Healthcare are used to treat erectile dysfunction or impotence in helpless men. The drug may also be used to treat pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Fildena 150is PDE-5 inhibitor tablets help supply more blood to the penile tissue through the puncture artery. This causes the hardness of the erection. The principle of action of Fildena 150 mg is similar to that of other tablets in the PDE-5 hormone inhibitor category. When the hormone PDE-5 stops secreting, the pill begins to work on the erection.

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Vidalista 20is the most powerful drug to treat erectile dysfunction (ED), also known as the inability to obtain a strong erection in men. After sexual stimulation, tadalafil 20 mg relaxes the blood vessels in the penis, allowing blood flow to the penis.

Vidalista 60tadalafil as an active ingredient. Tadalafil is a drug that relaxes the smooth muscles of the walls of blood vessels and improves blood flow to specific parts of the body.

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Vilitra 40 (Vardenafil 40 mg) is a solid dosage form that men use only for the treatment of erectile dysfunction. Vardenafil is the main ingredient of Vilitra 40mg. Vardenafil belongs to the class of type 5 phosphodiesterase inhibitors.

Vilitra 60 mg tablets contain vardenafil. And there are different doses such as 10mg, 20mg, 40mg, 60mg. What is erectile dysfunction? Penile erection (impotence) is not possible in men with erectile dysfunction. And these are the people who cannot achieve the last happy s*x. This type of problem is called erectile dysfunction, impotence, or s*xual dysfunction. When this type of person is facing such problems, taking this p*ll improves the blood flow to the p*ins.

Super Vilitra is the combination of 20 mg vardenafil and 60 mg dapoxetine (Super Villitra) helps maintain and maintain an erection during physical activity or sexual intercourse and premature ejaculation. In addition, it helps improve blood flow to the penis and ensure maximum pleasure during sex. Although these are effective medicines.

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Kamagra 100is an oral drug used to treat the problem of erectile dysfunction. For men, this drug helps people who do not have a spontaneous penile erection. The drug can help you achieve the required hardness and erect your penis for penetration.

Aurogra 100Aurogra 100 mg tablets are similar to Viagra, which contains the chemical sildenafil citrate. Widely used to treat erectile dysfunction in men. As approved by the FDA, this drug is safe to take. Manufactured by Aurochem Laboratories, Aurogra is used for strong erections during sexual intercourse.

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What you never imagined possible with Aurogra 100 (Sildenafil Citrate 100 mg). If you have erectile dysfunction (ED), you've likely learned that you can't have sex. In this way, you can feel like your life is over as sex plays an important role in most people's lives, and when they can't have sex, most people tend to feel like they have nothing left. in the life. In this one of the best Aurogra 100 reviews, you'll find out how even if you suffer from erectile dysfunction, you can have the best sex of your life, the kind of sex you could never have imagined.
Cenforce 100 active ingredient of the drug cenforce is sildenafil citrate. Cenforce is not an aphrodisiac or a hormone, but a drug that helps you achieve an erection.
Fildena 100 have been alleviated with Sildenafil fildena tablets containing Sildenafil citrate, which is used to treat erectile dysfunction or impotence in men and to increase blood flow to certain areas of the body. He is a member of the PDE5 inhibitor group.
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